Fire extinguishers are labeled according to the type of fire they are designed to extinguish. Labels may consist of a letter to note the type of fire it is designed to put out, and a
number to tell you how large of an area it will cover.
Classes of Fires
|Class ‘A’ -
||Combustibles such as wood, paper and cloth.
|Class ‘B’ -
||Flammable or combustible liquids, flammable gases, gasoline, oil, grease, tar, oil-based paint and lacquer.
|Class ‘C’ -
||Electrical equipment, wiring, fuse boxes, circuit breakers, and appliances.
|Class ‘D’ -
||Combustible metals such as magnesium, sodium and potassium.
For household use we recommend using an ABC type extinguisher.
Use and maintenance
Hang your extinguisher near an escape route exit, in plain view and read all of the instructions. When extinguishing a fire, direct the spray toward the base of the fire, no further than 12 feet away, spraying in a side to side motion. Remember the word PASS: Pull, Aim, Squeeze, Sweep.
Inspect your extinguishers annually and service them according to the manufacturer’s instructions. Never try out an extinguisher as this will result in lost pressure and it may not be dependable when you really need it. Make sure you recharge your extinguisher after every use and replace disposable models after use.
When is it safe to fight a fire?
Before you try to fight a fire make certain everyone is out of the building and that you have called the fire department. Check to be sure you have your back to an accessible exit so that you will not be trapped. Also, make sure your extinguisher is the right one for that type of fire and that you know how to use it! When fleeing a fire close the doors behind you to help contain the fire. Once you are out, stay out and wait for the Fire Department to arrive!